Advanced CPTu and laboratory investigation of geotechnically critical on-shore and near-shore soft sediments in Germany and New Zealand
|Other Titles:||Erweiterte CPTu- und Laboruntersuchung geotechnischer und kritischer an Land und Küstennahen weichen Sedimenten in Deutschland und Neuseeland||Authors:||Jorat, Mohammadehsan||Supervisor:||Mörz, Tobias||1. Expert:||Mörz, Tobias||2. Expert:||Moon, Vicki||Abstract:||
The integrated Coastal Zone and Shelf Sea Research (INTERCOAST) organization, a cooperative German and New Zealand multidisciplinary research program, concentrates on scientific issues in social and natural science disciplines in the both countries. INTERCOAST 4 (IC4) Ph.D. program tackled geotechnically problematic soft soils such as peat, clay and clayey silts which have posed considerable challenges to geotechnical engineers in all parts of the world during design and construction process. In Germany, peat is one of the prevailing groups of soil which is present in both off-shore and on-shore areas and exhibit properties such as high compressibility and low shear strength; these properties may cause complications such as differential settlement or failure in structures built on such soils. Removal or stabilization are the most important methods used to overcome geotechnical problems related to peat soils engineering characteristics. In New Zealand, many off-shore and on-shore areas of the North Island are covered by volcanic ash, and weathering of this material has resulted in formation of clay minerals. Dredging of volcanic ash layers often causes major turbidity in the water column and poses risks to wildlife and humans. Due to very low effective shear strength and high sensitivity of volcanic ash, these sediments are not considered to be appropriate for off-shore construction and installation purposes. On-shore weathered volcanic ash having low permeability acts as a barrier to fluid flow, for example infiltration of rainfall, and prevents pore pressure from dissipating. This special characteristic may lead to failure of slopes with volcanic ash materials because increases in pore pressure lowers the effective normal (vertical) stress, and therefore shear strength. The aim of this dissertation is to utilize in-situ and laboratory measurements in order to (i) present soil mechanical intervention for stabilization of peat using cost-effective and environmentally-friendly stabilization method and focus on a comparison between mechanical characteristics of undisturbed and stabilized peat, (ii) investigate geological setting, lithology and depositional history of off-shore sub-seafloor volcanic soils and determine geotechnical properties of near-surface sediments and (iii) look into the role of volcanic soils in occurrence of on-shore landslides.
|Keywords:||Advanced CPTu, laboratory investigation, geotechnically critical, Germany, New Zealand||Issue Date:||9-Jul-2014||Type:||Dissertation||URN:||urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00104093-12||Institution:||Universität Bremen||Faculty:||FB5 Geowissenschaften|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertationen|
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