Harmonisation of the GOME, SCIAMACHY, and GOME-2 total ozone data records for a better understanding of long-term trends and their causes
|Other Titles:||Harmonisierung der GOME, SCIAMACHY und GOME-2 Ozonsäulendaten für die Untersuchung der Langzeittrends und deren Ursachen||Authors:||Chehade, Wissam||Supervisor:||Burrows, John P.||1. Expert:||Burrows, John P.||2. Expert:||Schrems, Otto||Abstract:||
This thesis addresses the issue of the accurate measurements of ozone distributions in the atmosphere obtained from different satellite borne atmospheric chemistry spectrometers which represent a major need and pre-requisite for determining whether the atmospheric burden of ozone depleting substances (ODS) are reduced in accordance to the Montreal Protocol, and valuable for long-term trend analysis to detect a subsequent ozone recovery. A consolidated and homogeneous long term dataset requires a careful analysis of the relevant parameters used in the retrievals, one important parameter is the absorption cross section. This work presents the procedures followed to correct the ozone cross section data of SCIAMACHY and GOME-2 spectrometers starting from original raw data (optical density spectra). Using the available versions of SCIAMACHY and GOME-2 FM cross sections in the retrieval of total ozone from each satellite leads to an overestimation in the total ozone by 3-5% and 8-9% compared to collocated GOME data, respectively. The quality of the revised temperature-dependent ozone absorption cross sections is investigated over GOME-2 and SCIAMACHY's entire spectral range. The revised data agree well within 3% with other published ozone cross sections and preserve the correct temperature dependence in the Hartley, Huggins, Chappuis and Wulf bands as displayed by the literature data. SCIAMACHY's total ozone columns retrieved using the revised cross section data are shown to be within 1% compared to the ozone amounts retrieved routinely from SCIAMACHY, which uses Bogumil et al. (2003) data but adjusted with a scaling factor of 5.3% and a wavelength shift of 0.08 nm. The total ozone column retrieved from the GOME-2/MetOp-A satellite using the new cross section data is within 1% compared to the ozone amounts retrieved from the standard retrieval performed for GOME-2. The study also presents a long term statistical trend analysis of total ozone datasets obtained from various satellites. A multi-variate linear regression was applied to annual mean zonal mean data using various natural and anthropogenic explanatory variables that represent dynamical and chemical processes which modify global ozone distributions in a changing climate. The study investigated the magnitude and zonal distribution of the different atmospheric chemical and dynamical factors contributing to long-term total ozone changes. The regression model included the Equivalent Effective Stratospheric Chlorine (EESC), the 11 year solar cycle, the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO), stratospheric aerosol loading describing the effects from major volcanic eruptions, the El Nino/ Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Arctic and Antarctic Oscillation, and accumulated eddy heat flux (EHF), the latter representing changes due to the Brewer Dobson circulation. The total ozone column dataset used here comprises the SBUV/TOMS/OMI merged data (1979 - 2012) MOD V8.0. The analysis explained most of the ozone variability. The results show that QBO dominates the ozone variability in the tropics (7 DU) while at higher latitudes, the dynamical indices, AO/AAO and eddy heat flux, have substantial influence on total ozone variations by up to 10 DU. ENSO signal are more evident in the Northern Hemisphere. EESC is found to be a main contributor to the long-term ozone decline and the trend changes after the end of 1990s. A positive significant trend in total ozone columns is found after 1997 (between 1 and 8.2DU/decade) which points at the slowing of ozone decline and the onset of ozone recovery. The EESC based trends are compared with the trends obtained from the statistical piecewise linear trend (PWLT or hockey stick) model to examine the differences between both approaches. The results do indicate that the positive PWLT turnaround trends are larger than indicated by the EESC trends, however, they agree within 2-sigma, thus demonstrating the success of the Montreal Protocol phasing out of the ozone depleting substances (ODS). A sensitivity study is carried out by comparing the regression results, using different satellite merged datasets as well as the ground based measurements (1979 - 2012) in the regression analysis in order to investigate the uncertainty in the long-term trends due to different ozone datasets and data versions. All the datasets show almost identical pre-turnaround trends before 1979 for both EESC and PWLT approaches while the positive trends after 1997 are greatly influenced by the short-term variability. In spite of that, all datasets agree within 2-sigma fit parameters.
|Keywords:||Ozone, harmonisation, absorption cross section, SCIAMACHY, GOME-2, ozone depleting substances (ODS), ozone trends.||Issue Date:||19-Jun-2014||URN:||urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00103874-16||Institution:||Universität Bremen||Faculty:||FB1 Physik/Elektrotechnik|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertationen|
checked on Sep 27, 2020
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