Development of the technological process for the production of the electrostatic curved beam actuator for pneumatic microvalves
|Other Titles:||Entwicklung des technologischen Prozesses für die Herstellung des elektrostatischen gekrümmten Balken-Aktors für pneumatische Mikroventile||Authors:||Petrov, Denis||Supervisor:||Benecke, Wolfgang||1. Expert:||Benecke, Wolfgang||2. Expert:||Lang, Walter||Abstract:||
This work focuses on the development of an effective technological process for the production of the electrostatic curved beam actuator capable to be used as a driving element in different devices such as microswitches or microvalves. Main attention was drawn to the investigation of electroplating technique as a critical process in the microactuator fabrication as well as to the design of the actuator. In addition, usability of ceramic substrates for the microactuator and microvalve production was examined. The idea behind it was that ceramic substrates can be preprocessed and delivered already with necessary electrical connections on it. This would make the entire production process simpler and cheaper. Several types of polished alumina (Al2O3) substrates were used for this purpose. Electrostatic actuation principle was chosen for its good scaling properties to small dimensions, low power consumption, smaller size and higher switching speed. Curved shape of the actuator allows to reduce its pull-in voltage and thus to increase the amplitude of motion as compared to the parallel-plate structures. The material of the actuator is nickel. It was chosen for its good mechanical properties and relative simplicity of processing. Double layer nickel electroplating was used to produce the microactuator. The layers have different stress gradients controlled by current density during the electroplating process, making it possible to achieve the desired bending of the structure. Compared to bimetallic bending cantilever actuators, the curvature of the single-metal beam is less dependable on temperature and aging. Thus, more stable performance under changing working conditions was ensured. In order to avoid sticking of the microactuator to the isolation layer in the closed state, an array of stand-off bumps was added on the back-side of the beam. These bumps reduce the contact area and increase the distance between the actuator and the isolation layer. Fifteen design variants of the actuator differing in length and width were fabricated in order find the most effective solution for given system requirements. Based on the actuators technological process developed in this work, a simple electrostatic microvalve was designed and produced. Final variants of microvalve were fabricated on a standard 380 µm thick silicon wafer. Gas inlet channel as well as the electrodes and the actuator itself are all placed on the same substrate in order to reduce the size and cost of the system. During characterization, mechanical stability of the actuators and microvalves were studied by means of drop, temperature and shear tests in order to prove the reliability of the system. System performance tests proved stable pull-in voltages from 8,6 V to 11,6 V. Maximal gas flow through the valve was 110±5 ml/min at applied differential pressure of 2 bar.
|Keywords:||MEMS, microvalve, electroplating, DRIE, electrostatic, micromachining, nickel, actuator, stress||Issue Date:||16-Jul-2012||URN:||urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00102724-14||Institution:||Universität Bremen||Faculty:||FB1 Physik/Elektrotechnik|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertationen|
checked on Sep 29, 2020
checked on Sep 29, 2020
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