Global and regional trends of Aerosol Optical Thickness derived using satellite- and ground-based observations
|Other Titles:||Globale und regionale Trends der optischen Dicke des Aerosols aus Satelliten- und bodengebundenen Daten.||Authors:||Yoon, Jongmin||Supervisor:||von Hoyningen-Huene, Wolfgang||1. Expert:||Burrows, John P.||2. Expert:||Notholt, Justus||Abstract:||
Atmospheric aerosol plays a critical role for human health, air quality, long range transport of pollution, and the Earth s radiative balance, thereby influencing global climate change. To test our scientific understanding and provide an evidence base for policymakers, long-term temporal changes of local, regional, and global aerosols are needed. Remote sensing from satellite borne and ground based observations offers unique opportunities to provide such data. However, only a few studies have discussed the limitations, associated with unrepresentative sampling originating from large/persistent cloud disturbance and limited/different sampling (limited orbital periods and different sampling times) in the trend analysis. Using a linear weighted model, the long-term trends of global AOTs from various polar orbiting satellites and ground observations: MODIS (aboard Terra), MISR (Terra), SeaWiFS (OrbView-2), MODIS (Aqua), and AERONET have been analyzed. In this manner, the present study attempts to minimize the influence of unrepresentative sampling in the trend analysis. Throughout terrestrial and marine regions, temporal increase of cloud-free AOTs were dominat over the globe (GL), northern (NH), and southern hemisphere (SH) (up to 0.00348±0.00185 for GL, 0.00514±0.00272 for NH, and 0.00232±0.00124 per year for SH). Generally, consistently in all observations, the weighted trends over Eastern US and OECD Europe showed a strong decreasing AOT (up to -0.00376±0.00174 for Eastern US and -0.00530±0.00304 per year for OECD Europe) attributed to the recent environmental legislation and resulting regulation of emissions. A significant increase was observed over Saharan/Arabian deserts, South, and East Asia (up to 0.00618±0.00326, 0.01452±0.00615, and 0.01939±0.00986 per year, respectively). These in part dramatic increases are caused by the enhanced amount of aerosol transported/emitted from industrialization, urbanization, deforestation, desertification, and climate change. Overall large/persistent cloud disturbance all year round and the limited/different sampling of polar orbiting satellites represent a challenge, which has been addressed successfully in this study for the accurate determination of aerosol amount and its trends.
|Keywords:||Atmospheric aerosol, Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT), long-term temporal changes||Issue Date:||28-Jun-2012||URN:||urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00102691-10||Institution:||Universität Bremen||Faculty:||FB1 Physik/Elektrotechnik|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertationen|
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