Tracing time in the ocean: Unraveling depositional and preservational timescales using compound-specific radiocarbon analysis of biomarkers from marine sediments
|Other Titles:||Biomarker als Zeitmesser im Ozean: Anwendung komponenten-spezifischer Radiokarbon-Analyse zur Bestimmung von Ablagerungs- und Erhaltungs-Zeitskalen||Authors:||Kusch, Stephanie||Supervisor:||Mollenhauer, Gesine||1. Expert:||Mollenhauer, Gesine||2. Expert:||Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe||Abstract:||
Carbon cycle dynamics between the different inorganic and organic carbon pools play an important role in controlling the atmospheric chemical composition, thus, regulating the Earth's climate. Atmospheric CO2 is fixed into biomass by photosynthesis of terrestrial and marine primary producers. Until final burial in marine sediments, the biologically fixed carbon that escapes remineralisation undergoes exchange between various active carbon reservoirs. Until now, the timescales on which terrestrial and marine organic matter is exchanged between the terrigenous, oceanic, and sedimentary carbon pool as well as the residence time in the respective reservoirs are still poorly understood. Compound-specific radiocarbon analysis of biomarkers provides a powerful tool to determine the temporal scales of such exchange processes. In this thesis, the timescales of different physicochemical and sedimentological processes are resolved including timescales of lateral sediment transport within the ocean, terrestrial residence times of terrigenous organic matter prior to delivery to the ocean, and timescales of organic matter preservation in the ocean.
|Keywords:||compound-specific radiocarbon analysis, biomarkers, alkenones, alkanes, fatty acids, pigments, Panama Basin, Black Sea||Issue Date:||30-Apr-2010||URN:||urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-diss000119049||Institution:||Universität Bremen||Faculty:||FB5 Geowissenschaften|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertationen|
checked on Oct 1, 2020
Items in Media are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.