Sensing and Visualizing Social Context from Spatial Proximity
|Other Titles:||Messen und Visualisieren von sozialem Kontext basierend auf räumlicher Nähe||Authors:||Nicolai, Tom||Supervisor:||Herzog, Otthein||1. Expert:||Herzog, Otthein||2. Expert:||Crowcroft, Jonathan Andrew||Abstract:||
The concept of pervasive computing, as introduced by Marc Weiser under the name ubiquitous computing in the early 90s, spurred research into various kinds of context-aware systems and applications. There is a wide range of contextual parameters, including location, time, temperature, devices and people in proximity, which have been part of the initial ideas about context-aware computing. While locational context is already a well understood concept, social context---based on the people around us---proves to be harder to grasp and to operationalize. This work continues the line of research into social context, which is based on the proximity and meeting patterns of people in the physical space. It takes this research out of the lab and out of well controlled situations into our urban environments, which are full of ambiguity and opportunities. The key to this research is the tool that caused dramatic change in individual and collective behavior during the last 20 years and which is a manifestation of many of the ideas of the pervasive computing paradigm: the mobile phone. In this work, the mobile is regarded as a proxy for people. Through it, the social environment becomes accessible to digital measurement and processing. To understand the large amount of data that now becomes available to automatic measurement, we will turn to the discipline of social network analysis. It provides powerful methods, that are able to condense data and extract relevant meaning. Visualization helps to understand and interpret the results. This thesis contains a number of experiments, that demonstrate how the automatic measurement of social proximity data through Bluetooth can be used to measure variables of personal behavior, group behavior and the behavior of groups in relation to places. The principal contributions are: * A methodology to visualize personal social context by using an ego proximity network. Specific episodes can be localized and compared. * method to compare different days in terms of social context, e.g. to support automatic diary applications. * A method to compose social geographic maps. Locations of similar social context are detected and combined. * Functions to measure short-term changes in social activity, based on the distinction between strange and familiar devices. * The characterization of Bluetooth inquiries for social proximity sensing. * A dataset of Bluetooth sightings from an ego perspective in seven different settings. Additionally, some settings feature multiple stationary scanners and Cell-ID measurements. * Soft- and hardware to capture, collect, store and analyze Bluetooth proximity data.
|Keywords:||social context, spatial proximity, social network, sna, bluetooth, mobile, context awareness, pervasive computing, digital city, urban pervasive infrastructure, proximity detection, wirelessrope||Issue Date:||2-Dec-2011||URN:||urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00102502-11||Institution:||Universität Bremen||Faculty:||FB3 Mathematik/Informatik|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertationen|
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