Solar spectral irradiance variability from SCIAMACHY on daily to several decades timescales
|Other Titles:||Variationen in der spektralen Strahlungsintensität der Sonne auf Basis der SCIAMACHY-Beobachtungen bei täglichen und jahrzehntelangen Meßzeiträumen.||Authors:||Pagaran, Joseph Ambrose||Supervisor:||Burrows, John P.||1. Expert:||Burrows, John P.||2. Expert:||Dudok de Wit, Thierry||Abstract:||
The sun's radiative output is the primary energy input to the Earth, planets, and the entire heliosphere. It determines the thermal structure of the Earth s atmosphere, and overall it sustains life as we know it. The solar spectral irradiance (SSI) determines the general circulation, ozone photochemistry, and weather-climate system. Both SSI and the total solar irradiance (TSI or 'solar constant') vary in time. The 'solar constant' is obtained by integrating SSI over the entire electromagnetic spectrum. It is now established to vary about 0.2 0.4% during the 27-day solar rotation due to transit of active region across the solar disk and 0.1% over an 11-year solar cycle due to variations of magnetic surface activity of the sun related to the reversal of the solar magnetic field. While SSI variability in the UV is moderately well understood, little is known about variability in the optical and near IR (vis-IR) spectral range. This is because while the variations in UV are large, vis-IR variations are small, which are within the noise level of the instrument. The overall goal of this dissertation, therefore, is to improve our understanding of SSI variability especially at longer wavelengths beyond the UV. Regular monitoring of SSI from space covering the entire UV and vis-IR has become available at a moderately high spectral resolution with SCIAMACHY aboard ENVISAT since 2002. This cumulative dissertation presents in three published manuscripts the most recent progress in understanding SSI variability not only in the UV but also in the vis-IR spectral region using SCIAMACHY data. The first published manuscript ad- dresses the validation of radiometrically calibrated SSI from SCIAMACHY to existing SSI data (from ground and space) and to compare SCIAMACHY SSI variations with various other satellite data from SIM onboard SORCE, SUSIM onboard UARS, and SBUVs. The second published manuscript describes the parametrization of SCIAMACHY SSI time series in terms of solar proxies: Mg II core-to-wing (ctw) ratio for faculae brightening and photometric sunspot index (PSI) for sunspot darkening. This simple irradiance model is referred to as the SCIA proxy model. This model allows us to estimate past solar irradiance variations over several decades well beyond the observation period of the SCIAMACHY satellite. Most satellites observing in the optical spectral range suffer from hard radiation in space, particular in the UV, therefore these satellites optically degrade with time. The parametrization using the solar proxy model also enables the application of a simple degradation correction with the need for detailed re-calibration of solar irradiance measurements, which is not always possible or feasible. So far these two goals focus on short timescales (days to several months). The third published manuscript deals with the application of the model to reconstruct daily SSI variability from 1978 to present, covering several decades. The reconstructed SSI from SCIA proxy on daily to decadal timescales are compared to the solar atmosphere model SRPM and space observations from SIM/SORCE, SUSIM/UARS, the DeLand and Cebula/SSAI UV composite; and other proxy models such as NRLSSI, SIP (formerly Solar2000) and semi-empirical model SATIRE.
|Keywords:||active sun, solar variability, solar spectral irradiance, sunspot darkening, faculae brightening, solar proxies, solar electromagnetic spectrum, UV-visible-infrared, solar cycle, SCIAMACHY, sun-earth climate-weather relations, solar-terrestrial physics, SCIA proxy model||Issue Date:||20-Dec-2011||URN:||urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00102461-13||Institution:||Universität Bremen||Faculty:||FB1 Physik/Elektrotechnik|
|Appears in Collections:||Dissertationen|
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